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guideRich text editor component for Angular

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CKEditor 5 consists of ready-to-use editor builds and CKEditor 5 Framework upon which the builds are based.

Currently, the CKEditor 5 component for Angular supports integrating CKEditor 5 only via builds. Integrating CKEditor 5 built from source is not possible yet due to the lack of ability to adjust webpack configuration in angular-cli.

While there is no support to integrate CKEditor 5 from source yet, you can still create a custom build of CKEditor 5 and include it in your Angular application.

# Supported Angular versions

Because of the breaking changes in the Angular library output format, the ckeditor5-angular package is released in the following versions to support various Angular ecosystems:

  • Versions 1.x.x – For Angular 5-8 applications. Support for this version will end when the official support for Angular 8 is dropped (planned date: November 2020),
  • Versions 2.x.x – For Angular 9.1+ applications. This version is currently actively supported.

All available versions are listed on npm, where they can be pulled from.

# Quick start

In your existing Angular project, install the CKEditor 5 WYSIWYG editor component for Angular:

npm install --save @ckeditor/ckeditor5-angular

Install one of the official editor builds or create a custom one.

Assuming that you picked @ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic:

npm install --save @ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic

Now, add CKEditorModule to modules whose components will be using the <ckeditor> component in their templates.

import { CKEditorModule } from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-angular';

@NgModule( {
    imports: [
        CKEditorModule,
        // ...
    ],
    // ...
} )

Import the editor build in your Angular component and assign it to a public property to make it accessible from the template:

import * as ClassicEditor from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic';

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public Editor = ClassicEditor;
    // ...
}

Finally, use the <ckeditor> tag in the template to run the rich text editor:

<ckeditor [editor]="Editor" data="<p>Hello, world!</p>"></ckeditor>

Rebuild your application and CKEditor 5 should greet you with “Hello, world!”.

# Using the Document editor build

If you want to use the document editor build, you need to add the toolbar to the DOM manually.

import * as DecoupledEditor from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-decoupled-document';

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public Editor = DecoupledEditor;

    public onReady( editor ) {
        editor.ui.getEditableElement().parentElement.insertBefore(
            editor.ui.view.toolbar.element,
            editor.ui.getEditableElement()
        );
    }
}

And then, in the template:

<ckeditor [editor]="Editor" data="<p>Hello, world!</p>" (ready)="onReady($event)"></ckeditor>

# Using a custom CKEditor 5 build

If you want to add more plugins to the existing build or customize something that cannot be controlled with the editor configuration you should create a custom build first, using the create a custom build guide.

You should finish the above tutorial with the generated ckeditor.js file (and corresponding translation files). In the next step you should copy it to the src directory and import it to the component file.

import * as Editor from 'path/to/the/ckeditor';

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public Editor = Editor;
    // ...
}

Note that to allow importing JavaScript files without providing their corresponding types you need to set allowJs to true in the tsconfig.json file. Also, make sure that you target ES6 or higher, otherwise you are likely to end up with a weird transpilation error in the production build.

"compilerOptions": {
    "allowJs": true,
    "target": "es2015"
    // other options
}

If you cannot set the target higher than es5, try to set "buildOptimizer": false which will produce a bigger, but correct production build.

# Using the editor with collaboration plugins

The easiest way to integrate collaboration plugins in an Angular application is to create a custom build first and later import it from the Angular application — see Using a custom CKEditor 5 build.

For such scenario we provide a few ready-to-use integrations featuring collaborative editing in Angular applications:

It is not mandatory to build applications on top of the above samples, however, they should help you get started.

# Strict mode project tips

If you have the strict mode set in your project, you need to specify types for CKEditor 5 packages. Otherwise you will get the Could not find a declaration file for module error.

To fix that you need to create a TypeScript declaration file and declare modules that miss their types:

// typings.d.ts

// You should specify the CKEditor 5 build you use here:
declare module '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic' {
    const ClassicEditorBuild: any;

    export = ClassicEditorBuild;
}

Unfortunately, CKEditor 5 builds do not ship with corresponding TypeScript typings yet. If you are interested in this topic you can add your vote or a comment here.

# Integration with ngModel

The component implements the ControlValueAccessor interface and works with the ngModel. Here is how to use it:

  1. Create some model in your component to share with the editor:

    @Component( {
        // ...
    } )
    export class MyComponent {
        public model = {
            editorData: '<p>Hello, world!</p>'
        };
        // ...
    }
    
  2. Use the model in the template to enable a two–way data binding:

    <ckeditor [(ngModel)]="model.editorData" [editor]="Editor"></ckeditor>
    

# Supported @Input properties

The following @Input properties are supported by the CKEditor 5 rich text editor component for Angular:

# editor (required)

The Editor which provides the static create() method to create an instance of the editor:

<ckeditor [editor]="Editor"></ckeditor>

# config

The configuration of the editor:

<ckeditor [config]="{ toolbar: [ 'heading', '|', 'bold', 'italic' ] }" ...></ckeditor>

# data

The initial data of the editor. It can be a static value:

<ckeditor data="<p>Hello, world!</p>" ...></ckeditor>

or a shared parent component’s property

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public editorData = '<p>Hello, world!</p>';
    // ...
}
<ckeditor [data]="editorData" ...></ckeditor>

# tagName

The tag name of the HTML element on which the rich text editor will be created.

The default tag is <div>.

<ckeditor tagName="textarea" ...></ckeditor>

# disabled

Controls the editor’s read–only state:

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public isDisabled = false;
    // ...
    toggleDisabled() {
        this.isDisabled = !this.isDisabled
    }
}
<ckeditor [disabled]="isDisabled" ...></ckeditor>

<button (click)="toggleDisabled()">
    {{ isDisabled ? 'Enable editor' : 'Disable editor' }}
</button>

# watchdog

An instance of the ContextWatchdog class that is responsible for providing the same context to multiple editor instances and restarting the whole structure in case of crashes.

import CKSource from 'path/to/custom/build';

const Context = CKSource.Context;
const Editor = CKSource.Editor;
const ContextWatchdog = CKSource.ContextWatchdog;

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public editor = Editor;
    public watchdog: any;
    public ready = false;

    ngOnInit() {
        const contextConfig = {};

        this.watchdog = new ContextWatchdog( Context );

        this.watchdog.create( contextConfig )
            .then( () => {
                this.ready = true;
            } );
    }
}
<div *ngIf="ready">
    <ckeditor [watchdog]="watchdog" ...></ckeditor>
    <ckeditor [watchdog]="watchdog" ...></ckeditor>
    <ckeditor [watchdog]="watchdog" ...></ckeditor>
</div>

# Supported @Output properties

The following @Output properties are supported by the CKEditor 5 rich text editor component for Angular:

# ready

Fired when the editor is ready. It corresponds with the editor#ready event.
It is fired with the editor instance.

Note that this method might be called multiple times. Apart from initialization, it is also called whenever the editor is restarted after a crash. Do not keep the reference to the editor instance internally, because it will change in case of restart. Instead, you should use watchdog.editor property.

# change

Fired when the content of the editor has changed. It corresponds with the editor.model.document#change:data event.
It is fired with an object containing the editor and the CKEditor 5 change:data event object.

<ckeditor [editor]="Editor" (change)="onChange($event)"></ckeditor>
import * as ClassicEditor from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic';
import { ChangeEvent } from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-angular/ckeditor.component';

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public Editor = ClassicEditor;

    public onChange( { editor }: ChangeEvent ) {
        const data = editor.getData();

        console.log( data );
    }
    ...
}

# blur

Fired when the editing view of the editor is blurred. It corresponds with the editor.editing.view.document#blur event.
It is fired with an object containing the editor and the CKEditor 5 blur event data.

# focus

Fired when the editing view of the editor is focused. It corresponds with the editor.editing.view.document#focus event.
It is fired with an object containing the editor and the CKEditor 5 focus event data.

# error

Fired when the editor crashes (except of crashes during the editor initialization). Once the editor is crashed, the internal watchdog mechanism restarts the editor and fires the ready event.

# Styling

The CKEditor 5 rich text editor component for Angular can be styled using the component stylesheet or using a global stylesheet. See how to set the CKEditor 5 component’s height using these two approaches.

# Setting the height via the component stylesheet

First, create a (S)CSS file in the parent component’s directory and style the given editor’s part preceded by the :host and ::ng-deep pseudo selectors:

/* src/app/app.component.css */

:host ::ng-deep .ck-editor__editable_inline {
    min-height: 500px;
}

Then in the parent component add the relative path to the above stylesheet:

/* src/app/app.component.ts */

@Component( {
    // ...
    styleUrls: [ './app.component.css' ]
} )

# Setting the height via a global stylesheet

To style the component using a global stylesheet, first, create it:

/* src/styles.css */

.ck-editor__editable_inline {
    min-height: 500px;
}

Then, add it in the angular.json configuration file:

"architect": {
    "build": {
        "options": {
            "styles": [
                { "input": "src/styles.css" }
            ]
        }
    }
}

# Setting the placeholder

To display the placeholder in the main editable element, set the placeholder field in the CKEditor 5 rich text editor component configuration:

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public config = {
        placeholder: 'Type the content here!'
    }
}

# Accessing the editor instance

The CKEditor 5 rich text editor component provides all the functionality needed for most use cases. When access to the full CKEditor 5 API is needed you can get the editor instance with an additional step.

To do this, create a template reference variable #editor pointing to the <ckeditor> component:

<ckeditor #editor [editor]="Editor" ...></ckeditor>

Then get the <ckeditor> component using a property decorated by @ViewChild( 'editor' ) and access the editor instance when needed:

@Component()
export class MyComponent {
    @ViewChild( 'editor' ) editorComponent: CKEditorComponent;

    public getEditor() {
        // Warning: This may return "undefined" if the editor is hidden behind the `*ngIf` directive or
        // if the editor is not fully initialised yet.
        return this.editorComponent.editorInstance;
    }
}

The editor creation is asynchronous so the editorInstance will not be available until the editor is created. If you want to make changes to an editor that has just been created, a better option would be getting the CKEditor 5 instance on the ready event.

# Localization

The CKEditor 5 rich text editor component can be localized in two steps.

# 1. Loading translation files

First, you need to add translation files to the bundle. This step can be achieved in two ways:

  • By importing translations for given languages directly in your component file:

    import '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic/build/translations/de';
    import * as ClassicEditor from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic';
    ...
    
  • By adding paths to translation files to the "scripts" array in angular.json:

    "architect": {
        "build": {
            "options": {
                "scripts": [ "node_modules/@ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic/build/translations/de.js" ]
            }
        }
    }
    

# 2. Configuring the language

Then, you need to configure the editor to use the given language:

@Component( {
    // ...
} )
export class MyComponent {
    public Editor = ClassicEditor;
    public config = {
        language: 'de'
    };
}

For advanced usage see the Setting the UI language guide.

# Contributing and reporting issues

The source code of the CKEditor 5 rich text editor component for Angular is available on GitHub in https://github.com/ckeditor/ckeditor5-angular.